Recommendations for standardization of breast biomarkers including estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) led to the creation of American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines to provide continuous guidance. Included in these recommendations is the “ongoing assay assessment procedures.” We report these biomarker metrics as there is a dearth of published information on this topic.
ER, PR, and HER2 positivity rates of all newly diagnosed, recurrent, and metastatic invasive breast cancers on core biopsies, and repeated testing on resection specimen by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were collected from April 1, 2008 to December 31, 2017.
The positivity rates of ER, PR, and HER2 over almost 10 years of monitoring showed high fidelity. Total ER-positive rate was 83.6% (81.4% to 86.8%), ER+/PR+ was 71.7% (68.6% to 75.5%), ER+/PR− was 17.6% (11.0% to 15.0%), ER−/PR− was 16.0% (13.5% to 18.2%), and ER−/PR+ was 0.6% (0.2% to 1.0%). The HER2-positive rate was 13.7% (10.2% to 17.4%) including 9.9% (7.3% to 11.9%) by IHC and 3.8% (1.9% to 5.9%) by FISH reflexed from IHC 2+ results. FISH amplification rate of HER2 IHC 2+ cases was 11.0% (5.8% to 19.2%). Annual quality-assurance check for HER2 IHC/FISH percent positive and percent negative agreement (as defined by Food and Drug Administration) was 96% to 100%.
This longitudinal active assessment of 9564 breast biomarker cases shows the achievement of high fidelity of breast biomarker results when following the ASCO/CAP guidelines. Continuous monitoring of breast biomarkers may minimize assay analytical drift and assure quality clinically relevant results.
Department of Pathology, Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: David J. Dabbs, MD, Department of Pathology, Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received June 21, 2018
Accepted July 8, 2018