PARP-1 is a chromatin-associated enzyme that has a role in DNA repair and cell death. PARP-1 inhibitors are suggested therapy specifically for BRCA deficient breast carcinoma; however, their efficacy in sporadic breast cancer is under investigations. This study aimed to evaluate the PARP-1 in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) cases to determine its predictive significance for outcome and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT).
Materials and Methods:
This retrospective study was conducted on 84 LABC cases. Immunohistochemical expression of nuclear PARP-1 (nPARP-1) and cytoplasmic PARP-1 (cPARP-1) was evaluated in pretreatment needle core biopsies (NCBs). Results were correlated with clinicopathologic features, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and response to NCT in postoperative specimens.
High nPARP-1expression was observed in 64/84 (76%) of cases and was significantly associated with a lower lymph node stage (P=0.04). High cPARP-1 was observed in 40/84 (48%) of cases and it was significantly associated with lower lymph node stage (P=0.022) and lower tumor grade (P=0.050). High nPARP-1 expression was significantly associated with high cPARP-1 expression (P=0.005). Low cPARP-1 expression was associated with no response to chemotherapy in tumor site (P=0.021). According to the univariate survival analysis, high nPARP-1 and high cPARP-1 were significantly associated to longer OS (P=0.017 and P=0.019, respectively). High nPARP-1 but not cPARP-1 showed trend toward improved OS in multivariate Cox-regression analysis (P=0.053).
PARP-1 immunohistochemical expression is a marker of good prognosis and is predictive of response to NCT in LABC.