Annals of Surgery Open

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Open Access

What is Open Access?
Open access (OA) is the practice of providing unrestricted access via the Internet to peer-reviewed scholarly research. Open access journals provide 'gold' open access, meaning immediate open access to all of their articles on the publisher's website. 'Gold' open access for individual articles is funded by authors, institutions, funders, or sponsors who pay an open access article-processing charge (APC) after acceptance.

What types of articles will Annals of Surgery Open: Perspectives of Surgical History, Education, and Clinical Approaches  publish?
Annals of Surgery Open publishes Original Study, Follow-up Study, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reviews, Surgical Education, Meta-Analysis, . Surgical History, Surgical Perspectives, Case Reports, Letters/Replies, Brief Clinical Reports, and Videos.

Please visit the Author Instructions for more information.

Why do authors pay article-processing charges (APC)?
Annals of Surgery Open is an open access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal. To provide open access, the journal charges publication fees for each article published. These fees cover the expenses incurred by publication, including the peer review process, journal production and publication, and hosting and archiving fees. Fees vary by article type. The APC is charged on acceptance of the article and should be paid within 30 days by the author, funding agency or institution. Payment must be received in full for the article to be published.

Article Type APC
Original Study, Follow-up Study, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reviews, Surgical Education and Meta-Analysis2,000
Surgical History1,500
Surgical Perspectives and Case Reports800
Letters/Replies & Brief Clinical Reports599
Video499


What costs does the article-processing charge (APC) cover?
Costs are involved in every stage of the publication process, from peer review to copy editing and hosting the final article on dedicated servers. Authors or funders will be asked to pay an APC so that these costs are addressed and the article can be published open access, with no subscription fees to read the content. By paying the APC, authors can post the final, published PDF of their article on a non-commercial web site, institutional repository or other non-commercial free public server, immediately on publication.

How will readers know articles are open access?
All open access articles will be marked with an icon bearing 'Open' on the full-text and PDF formats of the published work, and information on the type of creative commons license will be available on all article formats and listed in the article metadata.

Does Annals of Surgery Open offer a discounted rate to authors from emerging countries?
Accepted articles from Emerging Countries will be eligible for discounted APC rates. Group A countries are eligible for up to 100% discount, Group B countries are eligible for a 50% discount.

Discounted APC Rate Eligibility:

  • Emerging Countries are defined by the both the Group A and Group B HINARI list of countries, areas, and territories, available here: http://www.who.int/hinari/eligibility/en/. The HINARI program for Access to Health Research is developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners to improve access to scientific information for health sector institutions in low- and middle-income countries by providing high quality, timely, relevant biomedical and social science journals for free or nominal prices.
  • "From" is defined as follows: currently studying or practicing medicine in one of the HINARI Group A or Group B countries.
  • Number of authors: 50% or more of the authors on a manuscript must be currently studying or practicing medicine in one of the HINARI Group A or Group B countries. All criteria for true authorship must be followed.
  • Corresponding author: The "printed Corresponding Author" (which may be different from the Editorial Manager corresponding author) must be currently studying or practicing medicine in one of the HINARI Group A or Group B countries.

At the time of submission to Annals of Surgery Open, all authors will be asked if 50% or more of the authors are from an Emerging country (as defined by the WHO's HINARI Group A and Group B listing). If you check 'yes' and the Editorial Staff verifies this, then you will be provided a coupon code upon acceptance of your article. If you check 'no', you will not be provided a coupon code upon acceptance of the article. The coupon code can be used upon payment to receive the emerging country Article Processing Charge.

Who retains copyright of the open access articles?
Authors retain copyright of their content. Open access articles will be freely available to read, download and share from the time of publication. Annals of Surgery Open: Perspectives of Surgical History, Education, and Clinical Approaches publishes articles under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Non Derivative 4.0 license. If your research is funded by one of the following parties who requires a CCBY license, you may opt for the Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY 4.0 license.

National Institutes of Health Research (NIHR)
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Charity Open Access Fund (COAF)
Department of Health (DH)
International Development Research Centre
Research Councils UK (RCUK)
Wellcome Trust
Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
Swedish Research Council
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Bank
Worldwide Cancer Research
Yorkshire Cancer Research

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs: CC BY-NC-ND

This license is the most restrictive of the six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share it with others as long as they credit you, but they can't change the work in any way or use it commercially.

Attribution: CC-BY

This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered.

If I publish Annals of Surgery Open does this make me compliant with my funding body requirements?
Annals of Surgery Open services and policies ensure that authors can fully comply with the public access requirements of major funding bodies worldwide.

Is Annals of Surgery Open online only?
Yes, Annals of Surgery Open​ is available online, with no print edition.

How do I subscribe to Annals of Surgery Open?
Annals of Surgery Open is an open access journal, so no subscription is needed to read it.

Visit WK Open Health for more up to date information on Open Access and Wolters Kluwer's Open Access program.