Annals of Pediatric Cardiology: A new look and a new outlook : Annals of Pediatric Cardiology

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Annals of Pediatric Cardiology: A new look and a new outlook

Ramakrishnan, Sivasubramanian

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Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 16(1):p 1-3, Jan–Feb 2023. | DOI: 10.4103/apc.apc_38_23
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Annals of Pediatric Cardiology (APC), established in 2008 as the official journal of the Pediatric Cardiac Society of India (PCSI), has grown leaps and bounds over the years. The journal has acquired a new online avatar since January 2023.


The new version of the website is designed to be more user-friendly, with the ability to publish and access multimedia content alongside journal articles. The online experience is enriched with article content available in a rich full-text format, along with PDF downloads and a variety of personalization options. The responsive mobile version of the website, made for current-generation smartphones, is easily optimizable based on the users’ device preferences. We are using Wolters–Kluwer’s e-Journals new platform (eJP). Using the eJP’s intuitive editorial tools, we now have the capabilities to build additional content around the articles. We plan to have custom content collections, blogs, podcasts, and standalone-video libraries around the key articles. The new site can be accessed at We sincerely hope that the readers like the new website along with its enriched contents.


In 2021, we had reviewed the progress made by APC over the years and had spelled out a vision for the future.[1] There is a continuous increase in the quality and quantity of manuscripts that we are receiving. Consequently, the publication frequency of APC has steadily increased from two issues a year in 2008, three issues in 2014, four issues in 2020, and five issues in 2022. We are aiming to publish six issues in 2023. Along with this, we are planning to launch an offshoot journal: “APC – Case Reports”– which may be launched in early 2024.

The readership of APC is steadily increasing. Among the two key initiatives spelt out in the vision statement,[1] some progress has been made. The first objective was to improve the quality of original articles and publish the state-of-the-art review articles from the key opinion leaders. Overall, the quality of the article is very difficult to assess, and one simple metric could be the number of citations. On that metric, the “make in India” issue (July September 2021) with 30 citable articles has 92 citations (source: Google Scholar) till date. With this kind of progress, the impact of the journal would increase and we may soon apply for the coveted impact factor.

Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society (PACES) had published the “2021 PACES Expert Consensus Statement on the Indications and Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices in Pediatric Patients: Executive Summary” in APC,[2] simultaneous with other international pediatric cardiology journals. It vouches for the growing acceptability and reach of our journal. From PCSI, we had published guidelines on the timing of intervention[3] and guidelines for physical activity in children with heart disease[4] recently. We have published state-of-the-art review articles on difficult and unusual topics.[5–10] We would focus on more systemic reviews in the coming years.

A conscious effort was made to increase the number of original research publications from India. We have published 43 original articles from India in the last 3 years, which constitutes more than half of all the original articles published. More importantly, we have original research submissions in the areas of pediatric cardiac surgery,[11–19] intensive care,[20,21] and anesthesia[22–24] from India. Some good quality multicentric Indian data are also published.[25–30] Almost all the editorials in the last few years were India-centric. We tried to address some of the pertinent Indian problems, including the impact of COVID-19 on Indian pediatric cardiology,[31] minimum requirements for pediatric cardiac interventions,[32] fetal cardiology in India,[33] interventional cardiology,[34] research and key publications from India,[35] and Indian pediatric cardiology conference.[36]

With the involvement of the next generation of experts, we are able to reduce the review times and first decision times. However, publication times are still long as per the current standards. With increasing publication frequency to 6 issues per year, we will try to reduce it significantly. The journal is yet to make a strong social media presence. This would help to further expand the visibility and readership of articles published in the journal. These will be the priority areas to address for the editorial board in the next coming days. We also hope to come up with supplementary issues that will be focused on specific themes.

In this process, I thank all the readers, authors, and reviewers for wholeheartedly supporting all our endeavors.

“Setting goals is the first step in turning the invisible into the visible.”

–Tony Robbins


1. Ramakrishnan S. Annals of pediatric cardiology:A glorious journey and a vision for the future. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:135–8.
2. Writing Committee Members Silka MJ, Shah MJ, Silva JN, Balaji S, Beach CM, et al. 2021 PACES expert consensus statement on the indications and management of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices in pediatric patients:Executive summary. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:323–46.
3. Saxena A, Relan J, Agarwal R, Awasthy N, Azad S, Chakrabarty M, et al. Indian guidelines for indications and timing of intervention for common congenital heart diseases:Revised and updated consensus statement of the Working group on management of congenital heart diseases. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019;12:254–86.
4. Shah S, Mohanty S, Karande T, Maheshwari S, Kulkarni S, Saxena A. Guidelines for physical activity in children with heart disease. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:467–88.
5. Pradhan SK, Adnani H, Safadi R, Yerigeri K, Nayak S, Raina R, et al. Cardiorenal syndrome in the pediatric population:A systematic review. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:493–510.
6. Saharan S, Vettukattil J, Bhat A, Amula V, Bansal M, Chowdhury D, et al. Patent foramen Ovale in children:Unique pediatric challenges and lessons learned from adult literature. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:44–52.
7. Burns J, Shank C, Ganigara M, Saldanha N, Dhar A. Cardiac complications of malnutrition in adolescent patients:A narrative review of contemporary literature. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:501–6.
8. Kashif H, Abuelgasim E, Hussain N, Luyt J, Harky A. Necrotizing enterocolitis and congenital heart disease. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:507–15.
9. Sasikumar N, Kumar RK, Balaji S. Diagnosis and management of junctional ectopic tachycardia in children. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:372–81.
10. Talwar S, Sengupta S, Marathe S, Vaideeswar P, Airan B, Choudhary SK. Tetralogy of Fallot with coronary crossing the right ventricular outflow tract:A tale of a bridge and the artery. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:53–62.
11. Palaparthi S, Jagannath BR, Shastri R, Jayanthi K, Rao NK, Vyas S, et al. Predictors of mortality and morbidity in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection with biventricular physiology:A 10-year Indian single centre experience of 492 patients. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:229–37.
12. Malankar DP, Mali S, Dhake S, Mhatre A, Bind D, Soni B, et al. Fontan procedure on deep hypothermic circulatory arrest:Short-term results and technique. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:238–43.
13. Jaytesh P, Joshi RK, Aggarwal N, Joshi R. Outcomes of primary repair of sternal cleft defects:Providing a “bony cover”. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:244–8.
14. Dharmapuram AK, Ramadoss N, Goutami V, Verma S, Pande S, Devalaraja S. Early experience with surgical strategies aimed at preserving the pulmonary valve and annulus during repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:315–22.
15. Jain A, Rajan SK, Patel K, Garg P, Agrawal V, Kakkar D, et al. Concomitant pulmonary valve replacement with intracardiac repair for adult tetralogy of Fallot. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:323–30.
16. Ramamurthy HR, Walavalkar V, Siddaiah S, Maheshwari S. A comprehensive study of congenital unilateral absence of branch pulmonary artery associated with other congenital heart defects and ipsilateral non-unifocalizable major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries:A single-center retrospective study. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:139–45.
17. Parmar D, Panchal J, Parmar N, Garg P, Mishra A, Surti J, et al. Early diagnosis of diaphragm palsy after pediatric cardiac surgery and outcome after diaphragm plication –A single-center experience. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:178–86.
18. Mukherji A, Ghosh S, Pathak N, Das JN, Dutta N, Das D, et al. Utility of late pulmonary artery banding in single-ventricle physiology:A mid-term follow-up. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:26–34.
19. Balakrishnan KR, Rao KG, Subramaniam GK, Tanguturu MK, Arvind A, Ramanan V, et al. Clinical profiles and risk factors for early and medium-term mortality following heart transplantation in a pediatric population:A single-center experience. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:42–52.
20. Kumar A, Tiwari N, Ramamurthy HR, Kumar V, Kumar G. A prospective randomized clinical study of perioperative oral thyroid hormone treatment for children undergoing surgery for congenital heart diseases. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:170–7.
21. Prajapati M, Patel J, Patel H, Gandhi H, Singh G, Patel P. Assessment of the effect of two regimens of milrinone infusion in paediatric patients with pulmonary artery hypertension undergoing corrective cardiac procedure:A prospective observational study. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:358–63.
22. Pathak P, Das S, Gupta SK, Hasija S, Choudhury A, Gharde P, et al. Effect of change in tidal volume on left to right shunt across ventricular septal defect in children –A pilot study. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:350–5.
23. Joshi RK, Aggarwal N, Agarwal M, Joshi R. Anesthesia protocols for “bedside”preterm patent ductus arteriosus ligation:A single-institutional experience. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:343–9.
24. Toshkhani D, Arya VK, Kajal K, Thingnam SK, Rana SS. Comparison of right ventricular outflow tract gradient under anesthesia with post-operative gradient in patients undergoing tetralogy of Fallot repair. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:18–25.
25. Choubey M, Ramakrishnan S, Sachdeva S, Mani K, Gangopadhyay D, Sivakumar K, et al. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric cardiac services in India. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:260–8.
26. Sachdeva S, Ramakrishnan S, Choubey M, Koneti NR, Mani K, Bakhru S, et al. Outcome of COVID-19-positive children with heart disease and grown-ups with congenital heart disease:A multicentric study from India. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:269–77.
27. Sivakumar K, Sagar P, Qureshi S, Promphan W, Sasidharan B, Awasthy N, et al. Outcomes of Venus P-valve for dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tracts from Indian Venus P-valve database. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:281–92.
28. Sivaprakasam MC, Reddy JR, Gunasekaran S, Sivakumar K, Pavithran S, Rohitraj GR, et al. Early multicenter experience of a new balloon expandable MyVal transcatheter heart valve in dysfunctional stenosed right ventricular outflow tract conduits. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:293–301.
29. Sheth K, Azad S, Dalvi B, Parekh M, Sagar P, Anantharaman R, et al. Early multicenter experience of melody valve implantation in India. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:302–9.
30. Koneti NR, Bakhru S, Jayranganath M, Kappanayil M, Bobhate P, Srinivas L, et al. Transcatheter closure of congenital portosystemic shunts –A multicenter experience. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:114–20.
31. Iyer KS. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric cardiac care in India:Time for action!Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2020;13:183–5.
32. Sen S. Ramakrishnan S. Minimum requirements for pediatric cardiac procedures in the Indian scenario. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:439–41.
33. Sachdeva S, Ramakrishnan S. Fetal cardiology in India –At the crossroads. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:347–50.
34. Arvind B, Ramakrishnan S. Pediatric interventional cardiology:Breaking new grounds. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:109–13.
35. Ramakrishnan S. Pediatric cardiology:Is India self-reliant?. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021;14:253–9.
36. Ramakrishnan S, Gupta SK. The impact of COVID-19 on the conduct of medical conferences:A paradigm shift highlights on pediatric cardiac society of India (PCSI) 2021. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2022;15:1–3.
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