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Knockdown of long noncoding RNA-taurine-upregulated gene 1 inhibits tumor angiogenesis in ovarian cancer by regulating leucine-rich α-2-glycoprotein-1

Fan, Mingjun; Li, Chunyan; He, Pengjuan; Fu, Yibing; Li, Mingjiang; Zhao, Xingbo

doi: 10.1097/CAD.0000000000000734
PRECLINICAL REPORTS
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To investigate the role of long noncoding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) on ovarian cancer-induced angiogenesis and to explore possible signaling pathways. Ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 or CAOV3 was transfected with short hairpin-TUG1 to suppress TUG1 expression. Supernatant from cultured cancer cells was used as a condition medium to incubate endothelial cell line human umbilical vein endothelial cells, whose proliferation rate was quantified by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Migration and invasion of endothelial cells were examined by wound healing and Transwell assays, followed by in-vitro angiogenesis assay. One of the secretory factors mediating angiogenesis, leucine-rich α-2-glycoprotein-1 (LRG1), was measured in ovarian cancer cells. Signaling pathway mediating angiogenesis was further detected by western blotting. TUG1 was down-regulated in ovarian cancer cells by short hairpin RNA. Conditional medium originating from TUG1-knockdown cancer cells led to suppressed proliferation, migration, or invasion of endothelial cell line human umbilical vein endothelial cells. LRG1 expression and secretion was suppressed in ovarian cancer cells after TUG1 knockdown. Moreover, recombinant LRG1 rescued TUG1 knockdown-induced angiogenesis inhibition, and LRG1 probably mediated angiogenesis by tumor growth factor-β signaling pathway in endothelial cells. Long noncoding RNA-TUG1 mediates angiogenesis of endothelial cells by regulating LRG1 secretion from ovarian cancer cells partially through tumor growth factor-β pathway. Our results indicate the potency of TUG1 as a biomarker and therapeutic target for tumor-induced angiogenesis.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence to Xingbo Zhao, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, No. 324, Jing Wu Wei Qi Road, Huaiyin District, Jinan, Shandong Province 250021, People’s Republic of China Tel/fax: +86 187 6417 9367; e-mail: zhaoxingbo0112@sina.com

Received July 26, 2018

Accepted November 23, 2018

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