The demand for body contouring surgery
continues to rise. The inclusion of the superficial fascial system
(SFS) during closure of such procedures has been shown to improve outcomes; however, currently reported wound complication rates remain high. The authors assess whether decreased quantities of SFS are associated with wound complications
in these patients.
A retrospective study of patients undergoing body contouring surgery
was performed. Preoperatively, ultrasound
images were obtained of the SFS. Using Cellprofiler, the mean gray values (MGVs) of the SFS were calculated to quantify this structure. Chart review was performed to identify postoperative wound complications
Thirty-six patients were included: 30 abdominoplasties, 3 bilateral medial thigh lifts, and 3 bilateral brachioplasties. The overall wound complication rate was 22.5%. There were no significant differences in body mass index, age, smoking status, weight of resected specimen, or diabetes when comparing the complication and noncomplication groups. However, the MGV was significantly greater in the noncomplication group compared with the complication group (0.135 ± 0.008 vs 0.099 ± 0.005, respectively, P
= 0.03). The average MGV for the entire cohort was 0.127. Patients with an MGV of greater than 0.127 had a wound complication rate of 0% compared with that of 39% for patients with an MGV of 0.127 or less (P
Poor quantities of SFS identified by ultrasound
were associated with increased wound complications
in patients undergoing body contouring surgery
. Furthermore, patients with better than average SFS seem to be protected from such complications.