Caudal septal deviation (CSD) correction during septorhinoplasty is challenging, and various surgical modifications and evaluations remain controversial. This study aimed to introduce an objective evaluation method based on computed tomography (CT) images to measure the effectiveness of septorhinoplasty for CSD treatment.
We retrospectively analyzed preoperative and postoperative CT images of patients who had undergone functional open septorhinoplasty by the plastic surgery and otorhinolaryngology teams between January and September 2019. Using OsiriX Lite (Pixmeo, Switzerland), CSD was calculated as the distance between the septum midline and palatal plane. Deformation was categorized as C-shaped unilateral or S-shaped bilateral deviations. The change in the distance between preoperative and postoperative images was considered because of surgical intervention.
Twenty patients (mean age, 35 years; 13 males [65%], 7 females [35%]) were included. The median deviation was 3.01 mm (range, 0.45–7.34 mm) preoperatively and 1.6 mm (range, 0.5–2.86 mm) postoperatively, indicating a reduction of 1.26 mm (median, P < 0.05) due to surgical intervention. C- and S-shaped deviations were seen preoperatively in 9 (45%) and 11 (55%) patients and postoperatively in 6 (30%) and 14 (70%) patients, respectively. The mean ± SD time of analysis was 7 ± 2.1 minutes.
Caudal septal deviation showed significant changes from preoperative to postoperative CT images, based on the distance between the actual septum midline and the constructed straight septum. This allowed effective evaluation of surgical efficacy for septum straightening. Although additional studies are needed, this method allows clearer stratification of surgical outcomes.