Although many attempts have been made to augment the volume of the latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap in breast reconstruction, only a few studies on the shaping of the LD flap to achieve a natural native breast have been conducted. We introduce our novel method to reconstruct a naturally shaped breast by combining an extended LD myocutaneous flap with immediate lipofilling.
The patients who underwent an immediate unilateral breast reconstruction with an extended LD myocutaneous flap and lipofilling were retrospectively reviewed. The extended LD myocutaneous flap in 180-degree rotation was combined with an immediate lipofilling procedure followed by suturing to reproduce the constant dimensions of a neobreast.
A total of 45 patients with a mean age of 46 years and an average body mass index of 23.1 kg/m2 were enrolled. The average weight of the mastectomy specimens was 299.0 g. An average 18.8 × 8.7-cm skin paddle within the flap was harvested, and 71.0 mL of fat was injected into the flap. Donor site seroma was found in 9 patients, and no flap or fat necrosis was found.
Our technique of extended LD muscle flap with lipofilling reproduced breasts with constant dimensions and appropriate width, height, and projection. Shaping the LD muscle flap is not difficult or unpredictable. This is a simple and easy technique to shape the LD flap and will provide surgeons with an additional autologous option for breast reconstruction.