Nipple-areola preservation positively impacts quality of life of the patients and helps them to achieve a better psychological and sexual well-being, as well as higher satisfaction with their reconstruction. Patients with large or ptotic breasts, however, represent a technical challenge to surgeons, and nipple-areola preservation may be deferred in this clinical scenario. The aim of this study is to report our experience in patients with large or ptotic breasts who underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction with immediate mastopexy.
A single-institution retrospective chart review was performed in all consecutive patients who underwent NSM and prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction, simultaneously with mastopexy. This procedure was offered preoperatively to patients who had ptotic or large breasts, which could benefit from mastopexy to obtain a better result. Aesthetic outcomes were evaluated using a modified 5-point Likert scale, and satisfaction and quality of life were evaluated using the reconstruction module of the BREAST-Q questionnaire.
Seventeen NSMs with simultaneous mastopexy were performed on 9 patients. All completed reconstruction successfully, and there were no cases of nipple ischemia or necrosis. Global aesthetic evaluation score was 3.77 (±0.95). The Q-scores were as follows: satisfaction with breast was 90, psychosocial well-being was 95, sexual well-being was 80, and physical well-being with chest was 86.
In patients with large and/or ptotic breasts, NSM with prepectoral breast reconstruction and immediate mastopexy showed promising results. However, adequate preoperative planning and intraoperative flap assessment are necessary in order to minimize complications.