Background and Objective
The management of bone defects is still a difficult problem. Local vascularized bone grafts represent an efficient and widely used method. In this retrospective report, iliac bone flaps of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery were used for the management of proximal femur bone defects.
Patients and Methods
The hospital information system and clinical data collected by surgeons were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with massive bone defects of the proximal femur reconstructed with iliac bone flaps of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery were included. Relevant data, including general information, perioperative treatment, and imaging data during follow-up, were retrieved for analysis. Five patients (4 males and 1 female) aged 18 to 42 years were included in this report. All patients were diagnosed with proximal femoral bone defects. The sizes of the bone defects ranged from 5 ×4 cm to 8 × 5 cm. Harris hip score was adopted to evaluate the functional outcomes. The adverse events were recorded. The mean follow-up time was 6.3 years.
Iliac bone flaps of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery were transferred locally for the 5 patients. Bone flaps were fixed with plates in 4 cases and Kirschner wires in 1 case. The hospital stay was 12 to 27 days, with an average of 19.4 days. All cases achieved bony healing after 3 to 6 months postoperatively. The Harris hip scores ranged from 87 to 95 at final follow-up. All patients achieved good to excellent functional outcomes. One superficial infection occurred. No other adverse events or serious adverse events were noted.
Local transfer of iliac bone flaps of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery represents a safe and effective method for the reconstruction of massive bone defects of the proximal femur.