Burned patients with acute kidney injury
(AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy
(RRT) have exceedingly high mortality rates of 73% to 100%. Since January 2011, we have been adopting an early RRT approach in managing burned patients with AKI. Our hypothesis was that early initiation of RRT leads to improved outcome and survival among burned patients with AKI.
We conducted a retrospective analysis of Burns Database in Singapore General Hospital from January 2011 to February 2016. Indications for dialysis included serum creatinine of greater than 1.5 times baseline or urine output of less than 0.5 mL/kg per hour for at least 6 consecutive hours. Patients with similar condition from January 2006 to December 2010 were recruited for comparison.
A total of 27 patients with burns and AKI were recruited from January 2011 to February 2016. The mean age was 45.4 years and 88.9% were male. The mean total burn
surface area (TBSA) was 54.8%. The total volume of fluid resuscitation was 2.7 mL/kg per TBSA. The time from onset of burn
to RRT was 6.4 days. Most patients presented with stage 1 AKI (51.9%), whereas 22.2% and 25.9% had stage 2 and stage 3 AKI, respectively. Most patients (74.1%) received CRRT and 18.5% received SLED. The mortality rate was 37.0% with majority of death (70%) due to sepsis/multiorgan failure. Only 1 patient required long-term RRT after discharge, and there was no occurrence of abdominal compartment syndrome. The mean age of 15 patients from 2006 to 2010 was 47.8 years. The mean TBSA was 49.5%. Only 26.7% of patients were started on RRT. The mortality rate was 66.7%, which was higher than that of subjects from 2011 to 2016 (37.0%) (P
Optimal timing of RRT for burned patients with AKI has not been established and data on early RRT approach are scarce. The findings of our study suggested that early RRT was associated with lower mortality rates among burned victims with AKI.