Postoperative scar adhesions
between tendons and phalanx bones cause persistent disability in complex injuries involving tendons and bones of the hand. Although gliding tissue reconstruction is effective in preventing peritendinous adhesion formation and a dorsal digital adipofascial flap
is a reliable method to prevent scar adhesion between tendon and bone after extensor tendon repair
, no comparative clinical reports exist. This study aimed to determine the usefulness of a gliding tissue reconstruction method by comparing postoperative range of motion between patients who underwent gliding tissue reconstruction and those who did not.
Medical records of patients with complex extensor tendon injury who underwent extensor repair between April 2005 and March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Ten patients underwent extensor repair with gliding tissue reconstruction using a dorsal digital adipofascial flap
and 13 underwent only extensor repair. A triangular flap was separated after zig-zag incision to expose the injured extensor tendon into dermal and adipofascial flaps. The adipofascial flap
, based on a dorsal branch of the digital artery, was placed on the injured bone as the tendon gliding surface
. The same extensor tendon suture method and rehabilitation protocol were used in both groups. All patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months.
The mean ± SD % total active movements were 84.1% ± 12.4% and 57.6% ± 13.0% in the groups with and without gliding tissue reconstruction, respectively. Significant differences were found between the 2 groups (P
Patients with gliding tissue reconstruction had better functional recovery. This reconstruction is recommended to restore the extensor function in cases of complex extensor injury
involving finger tendons and bones.