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Before and After

What Has Changed in the Attitude of Turkish Society Regarding Face Transplantations?

Findikcioglu, Kemal, MD*; Sibar, Serhat, MD; Otgoz, Duygu, MD*; Ozmen, Selahattin, MD

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001877
Transplantation Surgery and Research

Face transplantation is one of the most popular and controversial subjects of plastic surgery today. Although there are various surveys on the subject, there is no study comparing the past and the present social viewpoint and behavioral preferences for face transplantations across the world. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in the views of the Turkish society with respect to face transplantation from past to present. For this purpose, 1000 volunteer participants were questioned in terms of demographics and their perspective and preferences on organ and face transplantation. The results of the study were compared with the past data, and based on the results, the level of consciousness and awareness of the Turkish society about the subject has increased; the rate risk taking for immunosuppression has decreased, and instead, the rate of having an undecided stance has increased, and this attitude continues even if the risk is resolved. With these results, we can conclude that the greatest handicap for face transplantation in the Turkish society today is immunosuppression and the associated risks. We believe that new drug protocols and monitoring of patient outcomes for longer periods as well as more extensive clinical applications may be beneficial in addressing this issue.

From the *Gazi University Hospital, Department of Plastic Surgery, Ankara;

Private Practice, Ozel Denizli Tekden Hastanesi, Denizli; and

Department of Plastic Surgery, Koc University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Received August 30, 2018, and accepted for publication, after revision January 11, 2019.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared.

Reprints: Serhat SIBAR, MD, Ozel Denizli Tekden Hospital, Muratdede Mahallesi, Karci Yolu, No 57, 20010 Merkezefendi/Denizli, Turkey. E-mail:

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