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Single-Surgeon Experience for Maximizing Outcomes in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction in Chinese Patients

He, Shanshan, MD; Yin, Jian, MD, PhD; Sun, Jingyan, MD, PhD; Huang, Qingfeng, MD; Liu, Jing, MD; Han, Chunyong, MD; Yin, Zhuming, MD

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001645
Breast Surgery
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Introduction Breast reconstruction for Chinese patients is vastly different given cultural differences, patient preferences, access to resources, and insurance coverage in China. Given these unique factors, a different approach for optimizing outcomes should be considered.

Methods Retrospective review of all patients undergoing implant-based breast reconstruction from January 2013 to May 2016 was performed. Esthetic evaluations were made both by the patients and 1 nonoperative surgeon at least 6 months postoperative, and patient satisfaction was assessed using the Breast-Q.

Results Overall, 135 patients undergoing 141 implant-based breast reconstructions were reviewed. The majority of implants (n = 134) were placed in a subpectoral position, whereas 7 were placed prepectorally, and no acellular dermal matrix was used. Given the limitations in acellular dermal matrix usage, soft-tissue coverage was augmented with local regional flaps. Ninety-four reconstructions (66.7%) used latissimus dorsi, 39 (27.7%) used serratus anterior, and 7 (5.0%) used mastectomy skin flaps only for implant coverage. Four patients (2.8%) underwent revision surgery to the reconstructed breasts. Grade III and grade IV capsular contracture was observed in 10 (7.1%) and 2 (1.4%) reconstructions, respectively. Both the patient's and the surgeon's satisfaction were higher than 80% in breast symmetry.

Conclusions Our implant selection method fit the Chinese population characteristics and could be extended to different types of implant-based breast reconstruction. It produced good esthetic outcomes and was reproducible, predictable, and simple to master in the clinical setting.

From the Department of Breast Reconstruction, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.

Received June 1, 2018, and accepted for publication, after revision August 8, 2018.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: This study was supported by the National Science and Technology Support Program of China (2015BAI12B15) and the National Science Foundation of China (81602341). The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Jian Yin, MD, PHD, Huanhuxi Rd, Hexi District, Tianjin 300060, China. E-mail: yinjian@tjmuch.com.

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