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Outcome of Pedicled Thoracodorsal Artery Perforator Flap in the Surgical Treatment of Stage II and III Hidradenitis Suppurativa of Axilla

Elgohary, Hussein, MD; Nawar, Ahmed M., MD; Zidan, Ahmed, MD; Shoulah, Ahmed A., MD; Younes, Mohamed T., MD; Hamed, Ahmed M., MD

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001658
Reconstructive Surgery

Background Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory disease affecting the apocrine glands of the axillary, groin, and mammary regions with significant physical and psychosocial sequelae. Surgical excision of the affected tissue is the criterion standard treatment. Advanced cases of axillary HS are associated with high rates of recurrence and require extensive surgical resection with challenging reconstruction associated with risk of postoperative complications. The most effective method for reconstruction of the axilla after excision of HS is yet to be identified.

Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of the use of pedicled thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap as a method of reconstruction for axillary efect result from wide surgical excision as a line of treatment for stage II and III HS of the axilla.

Patient and Methods The study included 20 patients with stage II and III (Hurley staging system) HS of the axilla, 18 male and 2 women treated by wide local excision and reconstruction by rotational TDAP flap. At the end of follow-up, outcome is judged by complete remission of disease, comparing preoperative shoulder function (using Constant-Murley shoulder outcome score), and quality of life (using dermatology life quality index) with postoperative results after 1 year, plus durability of reconstruction, donor site morbidity, overall aesthetic outcome, and patient's satisfaction.

Results The mean ± SD follow-up period was 30 ± 5.2 months (range = 12–60 months). Four patients (20%) were treated for their right side, 8 patients (40%) for their left side, and 8 patients (40%) were treated bilaterally, so we perform 28 operations for 20 patients. The treated patients with stage II disease were 16 (57.14%) and with stage III disease were 12 (42.85%). The size of the defects was usually approximately 10 × 15 cm. By the end of follow-up period, all patient showed complete remission of the disease with improvement in both shoulder function and quality of life, whereas 1 flap (3.57%) was complicated by bleeding treated by reoperation, 2 flaps (7.14%) complicated by wound infection that was treated conservatively, 3 other flaps (10.71%) showed wide scare at insight of the flaps, and 1 flap (3.57%) developed hypertrophic scare at donor site of the flap.

Conclusions Surgical treatment of stage II and III HS of axilla and reconstruction by rotational TDAP flap provides good aesthetic and functional results with 100% success rate in eradicating and complete remission of the disease during follow-up period and accepted complication rate.

From the Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

Received May 9, 2018, and accepted for publication, after revision August 20, 2018.

All authors contributed to the submission. H.E., A.M.N., A.Z., A.A.S., M.T.Y., and A.M.H. contributed to the operations and follow-up of cases in addition to writing the article.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared.

Reprints: Hussein Elgohary, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Fareed Nada St, Benha, Egypt. E-mail: dr_elgohary1996@yahoo.com.

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