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Koenen Tumors in Tuberous Sclerosis: A Review and Clinical Considerations for Treatment

Liebman, Jared J. MD*†; Nigro, Lauren C. BA; Matthews, Martha S. MD, FACS*

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31828d757d
Review Articles
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Koenen tumors, or periungual and subungual fibromas, are a benign, cutaneous manifestation of tuberous sclerosis. They are disfiguring, painful, and challenging to treat as they frequently recur. Various laser and chemical ablation techniques have been described with variable long-term results and there is limited published literature to suggest a standard treatment. Through a review of the available literature and a successful experience with a patient with lower extremity Koenen tumor, we present treatment considerations for managing these troublesome tumors.

From the *Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ; †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Einstein Medical Center, Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, PA; and ‡UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Camden, NJ.

Received November 29, 2012, and accepted for publication, after revision, February 12, 2013.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared.

Reprints: Martha Matthews, MD, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cooper University Hospital, 401 Haddon Ave, Camden, NJ. E-mail: martha-matthews@cooperhealth.edu.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins