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Inferior Turbinoplasty During Cosmetic Rhinoplasty: Techniques and Trends

Tanna, Neil MD, MBA*; Im, Daniel D. MD; Azhar, Hamdan MS; Roostaeian, Jason MD; Lesavoy, Malcolm A. MD; Bradley, James P. MD; Jarrahy, Reza MD

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3182590970
Aesthetic Surgery

Background The sheer number of accepted inferior turbinoplasty techniques emphasizes the fact that there is no general agreement on which approach yields optimal results, nor are there data available that describes prevalent techniques in turbinate surgery among plastic surgeons.

Objective The aim of this study was to identify practice patterns among plastic surgeons who perform inferior turbinoplasty during rhinoplasty.

Methods Members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons were invited to participate in an anonymous, Internet-based survey containing questions related to personal preferences and outcomes in inferior turbinate surgery.

Results A total of 534 members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons participated in the survey. Most (71.7%) trained in an independent plastic surgery program with prerequisite training in general surgery. More than half (50.6%) had more than 20 years of operative experience; only 15.2% reported performing greater than 40 rhinoplasties per year. The 5 most preferred inferior turbinate reduction techniques were outfracture of the turbinates (49.1%), partial turbinectomy (33.3%), submucous reduction via electrocautery (25.3%), submucous resection (23.6%), and electrocautery (22.5%). Fewer than 10% of the respondents reported the use of newer techniques such as radiofrequency thermal ablation (5.6%), use of the microdebrider (2.2%), laser cautery (1.1%), or cryosurgery (0.6%). Mucosal crusting and desiccation were the most frequently reported complications.

Conclusions The results of this survey provide insights into the current preferences in inferior turbinate reduction surgery. Plastic surgeons are performing more conventional methods of turbinate reduction rather than taking advantage of the many of the more novel technology-driven methods.

From the *Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University, New York, NY; †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA; and ‡Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Received January 24, 2012, and accepted for publication, after revision, April 4, 2012.

Presented at the 2011 American Society of Plastic Surgeons Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, September 25, 2011.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared.

Reprints: Neil Tanna, MD, MBA, Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University, 550 First Ave, New York, NY 10016. E-mail:

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins