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Subglandular Placement of an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator for an Improved Cosmetic Outcome

Wright, Cassidy D.*; Roehl, Kendall R. MD*†; Stephen Huang, Shoei K. MD*‡; Mahabir, Raman C. MD, MSc, FRCSC*†

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e318250f06c
Review Article

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) technology has progressed through the years decreasing the size of the device, and its effectiveness in preventing sudden cardiac death has made it a mainstay of treatment for many patients. As the use of ICDs in younger patients has increased, issues with placement of an ICD in the usual prepectoral, infraclavicular region have arisen. Subglandular placement through an inframammary incision provides a unique approach and an aesthetically pleasing outcome for ICD placement. We present a review of the current literature and 3 cases of young female patients who had placement of an ICD using this approach.

From the *Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX; †Division of Plastic Surgery, Scott and White, Temple, TX; and ‡Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Pacing, Division of Cardiology, Scott and White, Temple, TX.

Received November 9, 2011, and accepted for publication, after revision, February 17, 2012.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared.

Reprints: Raman C. Mahabir, MD, MSc, FRCSC, Division of Plastic Surgery, Scott and White, 2401 S 31st St, Temple, TX 76508. E-mail:

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins