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Reconstruction of Vaginal Agenesis

Özkan, Özlenen MD*; Erman Akar, Münire MD; Özkan, Ömer MD*; Doğan, N. Utku MD

doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3181edd50c
Review Article

Vaginal ageneses are by no means rare anomalies. Complete Mullerian agenesis is the most common reason for vaginal agenesis requiring reconstruction. Patients usually present with pain, hematocolpos, or hematometra in puberty, and later with amenorrhea and dyspareunia. Detailed information is given here regarding etiologies, timing of surgery, and current treatment options for vaginal agenesis. Outcomes and short- and long-term complications of recent treatment options are also discussed.

From the Departments of *Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and †Gynecology and Obstetrics, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey; and ‡Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Received June 12, 2010, and accepted for publication, after revision, June 19, 2010.

Supported by the Akdeniz University Scientific Research Projects Unit.

Reprints: Ömer Özkan, MD, Department of Plastik ve Rekonstrüktif Cerrahi Anabilim Dali, Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi, B Blok kat 2, 07059 Antalya, Turkey. E-mail:

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.