Plastic surgeons have traditionally perceived male patients as more psychologically disturbed than female patients. This study employed a matched sample design to explore the psychosocial experiences of 50 male and 50 female elective cosmetic surgery and cosmetic dentistry patients. It also aimed to compare male and female patients on preoperative psychosocial dysfunction on standardized measures (psychiatric disturbance, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, dysmorphic concern, and low body image) and postoperative dissatisfaction. The findings revealed that there were many similarities between the self-reported appearance concerns, motivations for surgery, and expectations of surgery between male and female patients. Although male patients did not report higher levels of preoperative psychosocial dysfunction than their female counterparts, they were more likely to report postoperative dissatisfaction. Preoperative screening is recommended to identify the minority of male patients who will report an unsatisfactory outcome despite a technically good result.
From the *Melbourne Graduate School of Education, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; †Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Victoria, Australia; and ‡Centre on Behavioral Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Received December 19, 2008, and accepted for publication, after revision, March 25, 2009.
Supported by the HCF Health and Medical Research Foundation, Australia.
Reprints: Nicki A. Dowling, PhD, Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre, Old Geology Building, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3010. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.