Review ArticleHistory of Craniosynostosis Surgery and the Evolution of Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Techniques The University of Florida ExperienceClayman, Mark A. MD*; Murad, Gregory J. MD†; Steele, Mathew H. MD*; Seagle, M Brent MD*; Pincus, David W. MD, PhD†Author Information From the *Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the †Department of Neurosurgery, the University of Florida Craniofacial Center, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. Received and accepted for publication September 19, 2006. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, The Cloisters, Sea Island, GA, June 3–7, 2006. Reprints: Mark A. Clayman, MD, 1600 SW Archer Rd, PO Box 100286, Gainesville, FL 32610. E-mail: [email protected]. Annals of Plastic Surgery: March 2007 - Volume 58 - Issue 3 - p 285-287 doi: 10.1097/01.sap.0000250846.12958.05 Buy Metrics AbstractIn Brief Craniosynostosis is the premature and abnormal fusion of 1 of the 6 suture lines that form the living skull and can occur as part of a syndrome or as an isolated defect (nonsyndromic). The first reported surgical procedure for correction of craniosynostosis was performed in 1890 by Lannelongue who advocated releasing, but not resecting, the fused suture. Craniofacial surgery has developed its own identity in the last 3 decades, with the Frenchman Tessier seen as the founding father. There have been many new developments such as distraction osteogenesis, biodegradable miniplate fixation, and the development of minimally invasive endoscopic techniques. Through the pioneering work of Jimenez and Barone, minimally invasive approaches to the surgical correction of craniosynostosis are now gaining wider acceptance. Here the authors review the history of craniosynostosis, the current literature and technique for endoscopic repair of craniosynostosis, as well as their own experience at the University of Florida, with minimally invasive endoscope-assisted techniques. Eleven infants with craniosynostosis were repaired endoscopically with minimal complications and with decreased operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and hospital stay. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.