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Use of Suture Anchors in the Reconstruction of Soft Tissue Defects With Pedicled Muscle Flaps

Ravin, Adam G. MD; Gonyon, Denis L. MD; Levin, L Scott MD

doi: 10.1097/01.sap.0000181341.62818.32
Original Article
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Suture anchors have been commercially developed to facilitate stable attachment of soft tissues to bone. Although their use is well characterized in orthopedic literature, suture anchors may also be of benefit in the reconstruction of large soft tissue defects by plastic surgeons. Suture anchors (Mitek Surgical Products, Inc., Westwood, MA) were used to fasten pedicled muscle flaps to exposed bone in 7 patients at Duke University undergoing reconstruction of large soft tissue defects. The suture anchor appeared to provide stability for the advancement flap, and there were no suspected postoperative muscle dehiscences or suture breakages. The suture anchor provides an easy, secure method to attach soft tissue to exposed bone, and preliminary experience appears to support their use in certain soft tissue reconstruction procedures by plastic surgeons. Suture anchors should be reserved for cases in which a large muscle flap is needed to cover exposed bone and poses a risk of shearing away from the bone, or adequate periosteum and soft tissue is not available for standard suture techniques.

Seven major pedicled muscle flaps were successfully secured to underlying bone with Mitek anchors. The procedure was easily performed and resulted in no muscle dehiscences.

From the Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic, Reconstructive, Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Received May 9, 2005 and accepted for publication, after revision, July 6, 2005.

Reprints: L. Scott Levin, MD, Professor and Chief, Division of Plastic, Reconstructive, Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, DUMC, Box 3945 Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710. E-mail: levin001@mc.duke.edu.

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.