Original ArticlePeriareolar–Transareolar–Perithelial Incision for the Surgical Treatment of GynecomastiaAslan, Gurcan MD; Tuncali, Dogan MD; Terzioglu, Ahmet MD; Bingul, Ferruh MDAuthor Information From the Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Ankara Education and Research Hospital, Turkey. Received April 20, 2004 and accepted for publication, after revision, July 31, 2004 Reprints: Gürcan Aslan, MD, Türkocağý cad. 50/3 Balgat, Ankara, Turkey. (Tel): 90-312-2878476; (fax): 90-312-3633396; E-mail: [email protected]. Annals of Plastic Surgery: February 2005 - Volume 54 - Issue 2 - p 130-134 doi: 10.1097/01.sap.0000143513.77819.7a Buy Metrics AbstractIn Brief Gynecomastia is an abnormal enlargement of the breast tissue in men. It is the most common disorder of the male breast. Surgical sharp resection of the excess breast tissue is still the mainstay of treatment when medical treatment modalities are proved to be ineffective. The authors believe that areolar incisions give the best results, especially for grades I and IIA gynecomastia. The authors review the ever-increasing areolar incision techniques that have been previously recommended, propose a classification for these techniques, and introduce an alternative technique for areolar resection of the enlarged gland in gynecomastia. An inferior pole, periareolar–transareolar–perithelial (PTP) incision was designed and 15 patients were operated successfully using this technique. Twelve cases were bilateral and 3 were unilateral (27 breasts). A 65-mm access port can be obtained from a 30-mm-diameter areola. No color changes or slough was observed in any of the patients. Areolar access incisions can be classified into 4 main groups: circumareolar, periareolar, transareolar, and circumthelial, and their subgroups. Like every incision proposed, the PTP incision cannot be recommended for every grade of gynecomastia. It is best suited for grades I, IIA, and IIB gynecomastia. Its wide exposure and potential advantage for areolar reduction makes this incision a good alternative to other areolar approaches. Twenty-seven gynecomastic breasts in 15 men were successfully corrected with inferior pole, periareolar-transareolar-perithelial incisions. Although wide exposure was achieved through this approach, it is recommended only for Grade I, IIA and IIB cases. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.