The records of 90 patients who underwent an abdominoplasty at the University of Virginia Health Sciences Center were analyzed to determine the effect of obesity on the incidence of complications after this surgery. The study patients were divided into three groups-obese, borderline, and nonobese-based on the degree to which their preoperative weights varied from their ideal body weight. A history of previous bariatric surgery was also analyzed to determine what impact that might have on subsequent abdominoplasty. Results showed that 80% of obese patients had complications compared with the borderline and nonobese patients, who had complication rates of 33% and 32.5% respectively (p = 0.001). Previous gastric bypass surgery had no significant effect on the incidence of postabdominoplasty complications. Based on these findings the authors conclude that obesity at the time of abdominoplasty has a profound influence on the wound complication rate following surgery, regardless of any previous weight reduction surgery.
© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.