The management of infants with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) continues to evolve. When a prosthetic patch is placed in the neonatal period for pleuroperitoneal separation, it ultimately will require a subsequent reconstruction for progressive pulmonary or abdominal symptomatology. The reverse latissimus dorsi (RLD) flap has been used for reconstruction in only several reports in the last 12 years. In this paper, a patient with severe anterolateral CDH is reconstructed with the RLD flap on an elective basis at 2 years of age. Elective repair was performed for the particular indication of chest wall restriction imposed by the nonpliable Gore-Tex patch. In this case, use of the RLD flap alone without the use of synthetic mesh has resulted in satisfactory results with 17 months of follow up.
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