Original Article: PDF OnlyPediatric Facial Fractures A Demographic Analysis Outside an Urban EnvironmentSherick, Daniel G. MD*†; Buchman, Steven R. MD†; Patel, Pulin P.†Author Information *Department of General Surgery, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, and the †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI. Annals of Plastic Surgery: June 1997 - Volume 38 - Issue 6 - p 578-585 Buy Abstract This study reviews all pediatric facial fractures treated operatively at the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital of the University of Michigan over a 5-year period. Previous series of pediatric facial fractures have been collected at large urban centers and may not be representative of all practice environments. Our institution is a level 1 trauma center that serves a patient population primarily from suburban and rural regions throughout the state. Referral and practice patterns at our institution gave us an important opportunity to analyze differences in patient care and management secondary to venue, and challenge the assumptions made by studies collected at large urban centers. We reviewed 80 fractures in 62 patients. Patient age ranged from 2 to 18 years old with the majority of patients (58%) between 15 and 18 years old. Most fractures resulted from motor vehicle accidents (43%) and there were no firearm injuries. Fracture sites included the mandible (38%), the frontonasoethmoid region (35%), the midface (17%), and the orbit (10%). Only two operative complications were reported. There were no cervical spine injuries. Median patient age was higher and mechanism of injury differed in our study compared with urban studies. Rapid changes in the health care delivery system and the emergence of managed care demand accurate demographic updates for the efficient allocation of valuable resources. Our results showed important differences with previous studies and imply that assumptions and analysis of the care of pediatric facial fractures based solely on data collected at large urban centers may be too parochial, and therefore subsequent health care decisions of resource allocation arrived at without respect to practice environment could be erroneous. © Williams & Wilkins 1997. All Rights Reserved.