The evolution of the technique of breast reduction using an inferior dermal pyramidal flap is discussed, including the changes we have found to enhance this procedure. The recommended use of a wide-based pyramidal breast parenchyma with a dermal pedicle nipple-areola flap is based on our 12-year study of 1,001 breast reductions in 519 patients ranging in age from 13 to 73 years; 37 of the patients underwent a unilateral breast reduction. The weight of tissue excised ranged from 207 g to 3,350 g from each breast. Occult carcinomas were found in two of the breast specimens. The longest sternal notch-to-nipple distance was 52 cm.
The essential goals of predictability of the result, retainment of nipple sensitivity, excellent aesthetic results, and the possibility of lactation are satisfied by the use of this surgical technique. This technique appears to have continued application in younger women, in whom nipple sensation and lactation are particularly important.
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