Is There Still a Glass Ceiling for Women in Academic Surgery? Zhuge, Ying; Kaufman, Joyce; Simeone, Diane M.; More Zhuge, Ying; Kaufman, Joyce; Simeone, Diane M.; Chen, Herbert; Velazquez, Omaida C. Less Annals of Surgery. 253(4):637-643, April 2011. Abstract Abstract In Brief In Brief Favorites PDF Get Content & Permissions Abstract: In Brief: Despite the dramatically increased entry of women into general surgery, a traditionally male-dominated field, there remains a gross underrepresentation of women in leadership positions. This review summarizes the manifestations and causes of this glass-ceiling phenomenon and proposes different strategies to continue the advancement of women in academic surgery.