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Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Surgical Robotics

Panesar, Sandip MD, MSc*; Cagle, Yvonne MD†,§; Chander, Divya MD, PhD‡,§; Morey, Jose MD§,||,¶,#,**,††; Fernandez-Miranda, Juan MD*; Kliot, Michel MD*

doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003262
Surgical Perspective: PDF Only

*Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA

Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

§Singularity University, Mountain View, CA

||Liberty BioSecurity, Arlington, VA

NASA iTech, Hampton, VA

#Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, Culver City, CA

**University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

††Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA.

Reprints: Sandip Panesar, MD, MSc, Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Drive, Palo Alto, CA 94304. E-mail:

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

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