FEATURESEthical Issues Across the IDEAL Stages of Surgical InnovationRogers, Wendy A. PhD, FRACGP*,†; Hutchison, Katrina PhD*; McNair, Angus MB ChB, PhD, FRCS(Eng), FHEA‡,§Author Information *Department of Philosophy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia †Department of Clinical Medicine, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia ‡Centre for Surgical Research, Bristol Medical School: Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK §North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, UK. Reprints: Wendy A. Rogers, PhD, FRACGP, Department of Philosophy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The authors report no conflicts of interest. AM is funded by a Clinician Scientist Fellowship (NIHR-CS-2017-17-010) from the National Institute for Health Research. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the National Institute for Health Research, Health Education England or the Department of Health. Annals of Surgery: February 2019 - Volume 269 - Issue 2 - p 229-233 doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003106 Buy Metrics Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.