*Center for Healthcare Outcomes and Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
†Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
‡Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.
Reprints: Andrew M. Ibrahim, MD, MSc, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar (VA Scholar), Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, Center for Healthcare Outcomes and Policy, University of Michigan, 2800 Plymouth Avenue Building 10-G016, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2800. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Disclosure: All authors of this article are on the Editorial Board at the Annals of Surgery. The publisher had no access to the data or role in drafting the article.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.