Technical skills seem to be necessary but not sufficient to ensure patient safety. Paying attention to nontechnical skills will increase the likelihood of maintaining high levels of error-free performance. As in jazz music, improvisation is essential for correct management of the surgical performance and any possible error.
From the Emergency and Mini-invasive Surgery, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.
Reprints: Jacopo Martellucci, MD, Emergency and Mini-invasive Surgery I, Careggi University Hospital, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy. E-mail: email@example.com.
Disclosure: The author declares no conflicts of interest.