In 1956, President Eisenhower had an emergency laparotomy for a small bowel obstruction due to Crohn's disease. This is the story of the surgeons who were tasked with making the decision to operate, the clinical outcome, and the impact on the United States during the President's first and second term in office.
From the Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.
Reprints: Theodore N. Pappas, MD, Department of Surgery, Duke University, Box 3479, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.