To provide the largest single-centre analysis of islet (ITx) and pancreas (PTx) transplantation.
Summary Background Data:
Studies describing long-term outcomes with ITx and PTx are scarce.
We included adults undergoing ITx (n=266) and PTx (n=146) at the University of Alberta from January 1999-October 2019. Outcomes include patient and graft survival, insulin independence, glycemic control, procedure-related complications, and hospital readmissions. Data are presented as medians (interquartile ranges, IQR) and absolute numbers (percentages, %) and compared using Mann-Whitney and X2 tests. Kaplan-Meier estimates, Cox proportional hazard models and mixed main effects models were implemented.
Crude mortality was 9.4% and 14.4% after ITx and PTx, respectively (P=0.141). Sex- and age-adjusted hazard-ratio for mortality was 2.08 (95% CI, 1.04–4.17, P=0.038) for PTx versus ITx. Insulin independence occurred in 78.6% and 92.5% in ITx and PTx recipients, respectively (P=0.0003), while the total duration of insulin independence was 2.1 (IQR 0.8–4.6) and 6.7 (IQR 2.9–12.4) yr for ITx and PTx, respectively (P=2.2×10-22). Graft failure ensued in 34.2% and 19.9% after ITx and PTx, respectively (P=0.002). Glycemic control improved for up to 20-years post-transplant, particularly for PTx recipients (group, P=7.4×10-7, time, P=4.8×10-6, group*time, P=1.2×10-7). Procedure-related complications and hospital readmissions were higher after PTx (P=2.5×10-32 and P=6.4×10-112, respectively).
PTx shows higher sex- and age-adjusted mortality, procedure-related complications and readmissions compared to ITx. Conversely, insulin independence, graft survival and glycemic control are better with PTx. This study provides data to balance risks and benefits with ITx and PTx, which could improve shared-decision making.