*Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, US
†Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, US
‡Department of Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, US
§Division of Trauma & Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, US
∥Center for Global Health and Mongan Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, US
¶Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, US
Funding: U.S. National Institutes of Health T32AI007433 (KEWH). The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.
Data availability statement: The dataset analyzed in the current study is available from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, https://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/tech_assist/centdist.jsp.
Conflicts of interest: ACT reports receiving a financial honorarium from Elsevier, Inc. for his work as Co-Editor in Chief of the Elsevier-owned journal SSM-Mental Health.
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