We sought to investigate the effect of exposure to a dedicated art gallery during the perioperative period on the recovery of patients undergoing major oncologic procedures.
80 patients were randomized into 2 arms; standard of care versus exposure to art. All patients completed a survey assessing their baseline art knowledge, and 4 post-study validated questionnaires assessing their pain (Pain Rating Scale), hope (Herth Hope Index), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults), and mental wellbeing (Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale). A linear model adjusted for baseline scores was run comparing the scores among the 2 study arms. Stepwise multivariate regression analyses were used to identify predictors of improved pain, hope, anxiety, and wellbeing.
Both groups were comparable in terms of demographics, passion and knowledge about art. There was no statistically significant difference in pain scores between the two groups. The exposure to art group experienced higher hope (2.4 points higher vs 0.05, p = 0.004), lower anxiety (8 points lower vs -0.9, p < 0.0001), and higher mental well-being scores (5.23 points higher vs -0.05, p < 0.0001) in comparison to the standard of care group. On multivariate analyses, exposure to art was significantly associated with improved hope, anxiety, and mental well-being after adjusting for patient and disease characteristics.
Dedicated exposure to art was associated with improved hope, anxiety, and mental well-being of patients after major oncologic surgery.