To conduct a scoping review of literature on financial implications of surgical resident well-being.
Surgeon well-being affects clinical outcomes, patient experience, and health care economics. However, our understanding of the relationship between surgical resident well-being and organizational finances is limited.
Authors searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase with no date or language restrictions. Searches of the gray literature included hand references of articles selected for data extraction and reviewing conference abstracts from Embase. Two reviewers screened articles for eligibility based on title and abstract then reviewed eligible articles in their entirety. Data were extracted and analyzed using conventional content analysis.
Twenty-five articles were included, 5 (20%) published between 2003 and 2010, 12 (48%) between 2011 and 2018, and 8 (32%) between 2019 and 2021. One (4%) had an aim directly related to the research question, but financial implications were not considered from the institutional perspective. All others explored factors impacting well-being or workplace sequelae of well-being, but the economics of these elements were not the primary focus. Analysis of content surrounding financial considerations of resident well-being revealed 5 categories; however, no articles provided a comprehensive business case for investing in resident well-being from the institutional perspective.
Although the number of publications identified through the present scoping review is relatively small, the emergence of publications referencing economic issues associated with surgical resident well-being may suggest a growing recognition of this area’s importance. This scoping review highlights a gap in the literature, which should be addressed to drive the system-level change needed to improve surgical resident well-being.