*Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin. Madison, WI
†Department of Surgery, University of Colorado. Aurora, CO
‡Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR
§Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
∥Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number T32HL110853. In addition, the project described was supported by the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) program, through the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), grant UL1TR002373.
American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress, October 2021, virtual meeting.
The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
S.I.Z. reported receiving grants from the NIH during the conduct of the study. R.M.A. reported receiving personal fees from the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine and UptoDate and serving as a VitalTalk board member outside the submitted work. M.L.S. reported receiving grants from the Greenwall Foundation, PCORI, and the NIH during the conduct of the study.
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
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