This prospective randomized phase-II trial examined whether gastric reconstruction with duodenal diversion plus Roux-en-Y anastomosis(RY) minimized gastroduodenal reflux and delayed gastric emptying compared with standard gastric reconstruction.
Summary Background Data:
There is no established standard surgical procedure to prevent both gastroduodenal reflux and delayed gastric emptying simultaneously.
Sixty patients with thoracic esophageal cancer scheduled to undergo esophagectomy with retrosternal gastric tube reconstruction were randomly allocated to standard gastric reconstruction (non-RY, n = 31) or gastric reconstruction with duodenal diversion plus RY (n = 29) groups. Primary endpoint was quality of life assessed by DAUGS-32 score 1 year after surgery. Secondary endpoints were the extent of postoperative duodenal juice reflux into the gastric tube, postoperative morbidity, endoscopic findings, body weight changes, and nutritional status.
Preoperative clinicopathological characteristics and postoperative morbidity did not differ significantly between groups. However, operation time and blood loss volume were significantly higher in the RY group. Pancreatic amylase concentrations in the gastric conduit on postoperative days 2, 3, and 7 were higher in the non-RY group. Postoperative endoscopic examination showed residual gastric content in 7 of 17 patients in the non-RY group but in none in the RY group (P = 0.012). Quality of life was significantly favorable in the RY group with regard to reflux symptoms and food passage dysfunction. Postoperative body weight changes, serum albumin levels, and peripheral blood lymphocyte counts were not significantly different between groups.
Gastric reconstruction with duodenal diversion plus RY is effective in improving both gastroduodenal reflux and delayed gastric emptying.