For patients with gastroparesis, temporary pyloric disruption has been shown to improve symptoms and gastric emptying. Per-oral pyloromyotomy (POP) is an innovative endoscopic procedure to divide the pylorus from within a submucosal tunnel, as a corollary to surgical pyloromyotomy. Here we evaluate subjective and objective outcomes 12-weeks after POP at a high volume center.
The first 100 consecutive patients undergoing POP were included, with procedure dates between January 2016 and October 2017. Patients were evaluated using the Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI), and 4-hour solid-phase scintigraphic gastric emptying studies (GES) prior to procedure and at 90 days post-POP
The study cohort was 85% female with a mean age of 45.0 ± 14.6 years. Gastroparesis etiologies were divided among idiopathic (56%), diabetic (21%), postsurgical (19%), and other in 4%. There were 67% of the patients who had previous endoscopic or surgical interventions for gastroparesis. Most POP procedures were performed in the operating room (97%) and were completed in an average of 33 minutes. Ten patients incurred complications (10%), which included 1 diagnostic laparoscopy and 2 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding. Overall GCSI improved from a preoperative mean of 3.82 ± 0.86 to 2.54 ± 1.2 (P < 0.001). The improvement in each GCSI subscore was also highly statistically significant. Among the patients with postoperative GES available, 78% had objectively better 4-hour emptying with a mean improvement in retention by 23.6% (P < 0.001). This included 57% of patients with normal gastric emptying post-POP.
For patients with medically refractory gastroparesis, POP results in both subjective and objective improvement in the majority of patients. Prior intervention does not obviate POP as a therapeutic option. POP should be included along the treatment algorithm for patients with gastroparesis as an organ-sparing procedure.