*Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
†Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA
‡Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Chicago, IL
§Department of Critical Care, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada
¶Division of Critical Care and Department of Medicine, Mackenzie Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
||Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
**Department of Surgery, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
††Department of Surgery, USC+LAC, Los Angeles, CA
‡‡Department of Pharmaceutical Services, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
§§Departments of Surgery, Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, and Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
¶¶Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Center for Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
||||Research Service, Nashville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, TN
***Departments of Surgery and Critical Care Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada
†††Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Burns, Department of Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH
‡‡‡Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, University of Calgary, AL, Canada
§§§Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Oxley College of Health Sciences, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK
¶¶¶Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN
||||||Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
****Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
††††Division of Trauma, Emergency General Surgery, and Surgical Critical Care, Departments of Surgery, Neurosurgery, and Hearing and Speech Sciences, Section of Surgical Sciences, Vanderbilt Brain Institute, Vanderbilt Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
‡‡‡‡Surgical Service, General Surgery Section, Nashville VA Medical Center, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Nashville, TN.
Reprints: Mayur B. Patel, MD, MPH, FACS, 1211 21st Avenue South, 404 Medical Arts Building, Nashville, TN 37212. E-mail: [email protected].
Vanderbilt Faculty Research Scholars Program (MBP); National Institutes of Health NHLBI R01HL111111 (MBP), NIGMS R01GM120484 (MBP), and NCATS UL1TR000445 for REDCap (all authors).
Presentated at: Guidelines Plenary Session, 29th Annual Scientific Assembly of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma meeting in San Antonio, TX on January 16, 2016.
Dr MBP has been or is supported by the Vanderbilt Institute for Clinical and Translational Research awards (VR1584, VR5351, VR9276, VR12073) via CTSA grant UL1TR000011 (NCRR/NCATS/NIH), a 2013 EAST Trauma Foundation Research Scholarship, and speaker fees from Pfizer. Drs ERH and MBP have served on the EAST Guidelines Section and Board of Directors. Dr ERH is the primary investigator of a AHRQ grant (R01HS024547) of a PCORI contract (CE-12-11-4489). Dr ERH receives book royalties from Lippincott, Williams, Wilkins (“Avoiding Common ICU Errors”), consultant and speaker fees from VHA/Vizient IMPERATIV Advantage Performance Improvement Collaborative, and consultant and speaker fees for the Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative. Dr ERH was the paid author of a paper commissioned by the National Academies of Medicine.
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
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