The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic survey of common precursor microRNA (pre-miRNA) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and evaluate their clinical relevance in patients with major blunt trauma
Recent evidence indicates that small noncoding RNA molecules known as miRNAs can function as important negative gene regulators and are implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases.
We conducted a 2-stage study to examine the impact of 9 selected SNPs with potential functional significance on the susceptibility to sepsis
of 1268 trauma
patients (1 screening cohort, n = 666) and 2 independent validated cohorts (n = 286 and n = 316, respectively) in China.
Among the 9 selected SNPs with potential functional significance, only 1 (miR-608 rs4919510) was found to be strongly associated with a higher risk of developing sepsis
and multiple organ dysfunction
in all 3 independent study cohorts. An even stronger association was observed for the rs4919510 polymorphism when combining these 3 study cohorts together. In addition, the rs4919510 polymorphism showed a significant correlation with a higher production of proinflammatory cytokines and a lower production of anti-inflammatory cytokines. In vitro experiments further indicated that the G→C variant of this polymorphism could significantly increase the expression of mature miR-608.
Our results indicate that the rs4919510G/C SNP in hsa-mir-608 may be a prognostic biomarker for sepsis
in patients with major trauma
. Further characterization of miRNA SNPs may open new avenues for studying sepsis
and developing novel therapeutic approaches.