*The University of Ottawa Skills and Simulation Centre & Department of Anesthesiology of The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa
†The University of Ottawa Skills and Simulation Centre & Department of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa
‡Department of Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto
§Li Ka Shing International Healthcare Education Centre & Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and
¶Faculté de Sciences de l'Education, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
Reprints: Sylvain Boet, MD, MEd, The University of Ottawa Skills and Simulation Centre & Department of Anesthesiology of The Ottawa Hospital, 501 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L6, Canada. E-mail: [email protected].
Disclosure: The virtual reality laparoscopic simulator (LapSim, Surgical Science, Gothenberg Sweden) used in this study was provided in kind by Surgical Science, Inc. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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