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Multimodal Approaches to Analgesia in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Pathways

Helander, Erik M., MBBS*; Billeaud, Craig B., MD*; Kline, Ryan J., MD*; Emelife, Patrick I., MD*; Harmon, Chris M., MD*; Prabhakar, Amit, MD; Urman, Richard D., MD, MBA, FASA; Kaye, Alan D., MD, PhD*

International Anesthesiology Clinics: October 2017 - Volume 55 - Issue 4 - p 51–69
doi: 10.1097/AIA.0000000000000165
Review Articles

*Department of Anesthesiology, LSU School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.

Address Correspondence to: Alan David Kaye, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, LSU School of Medicine, Room 656, 1542 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112. E-mail:

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