Review ArticlesEnhanced Recovery After Surgery: History, Evolution, Guidelines, and Future DirectionsTanious, Mariah K. MD, MPH*; Ljungqvist, Olle MD, PhD†; Urman, Richard D. MD, MBA, FASA*,‡Author Information *Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts †Faculty of Medicine and Health, Department of Surgery, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden ‡Center for Perioperative Research, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts R.D.U. received research funding from Mallinckrodt, Merck, and Medtronic. Note that ERAS® is a registered trademark of the ERAS® Society (www.erassociety.org). O.L. is a founder and shareholder in Encare AB, a company registered in Sweden that manages the ERAS Interactive Audit System and holds an executive role in the ERAS Society. R.U. holds an executive role in the ERAS USA Society. The remaining author has no conflicts of interest to disclose. Address Correspondence to: Richard D. Urman, MD, MBA, FASA, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, 75 Francis St., Boston, MA 02115. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org International Anesthesiology Clinics: Fall 2017 - Volume 55 - Issue 4 - p 1-11 doi: 10.1097/AIA.0000000000000167 Buy Metrics Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.