*Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
†Human Factors Research DivisionCivil Aerospace Medical Institute, Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, District of Columbia, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
‡Department of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery.Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
K.J.R. is Chair of the Board of Directors of the Anesthesia Quality Institute, a nonprofit foundation. He does not receive any compensation for this position.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Reprints: Keith J. Ruskin, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street TMP3, New Haven, CT 06520. E-mail: email@example.com