From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; †Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; ‡Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology, Hofstra Northshore-LIJ School of Medicine, Hempstead, New York; §Department of Anesthesiology, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and ‖Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
Accepted for publication January 24, 2014.
Funding: Supported by the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists.
Conflict of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article.
Reprints will not be available from the authors.
Address correspondence to Solomon Aronson, MD, MBA, FACC, FCCP, FAHA, FASE, Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC Box 3094/Baker House, Room 101, Durham, NC 27710. Address e-mail to email@example.com.