Hospital length of stay is a common and important key performance indicator for delivering perioperative care. Understanding drivers for increased hospital length of stay can lead to the identification of risk factors in advance, and potentially the implementation of mitigation strategies, which can be beneficial for patients and hospitals alike. Anxiety and depression are 2 diseases that can impact perioperative care, as they can signal difficult pain management and altered coping mechanisms. In this infographic, we review a large database study that analyzed the impact of taking antidepressants or anxiolytics preoperatively on postprocedure hospital length of stay.
IRR indicates incident rate ratio; MAOI, monoamine oxidase inhibitor; SNRI, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor; SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor; TCA, tricyclic antidepressant.
1. Vashishta R, Kendale SM. Relationship between preoperative antidepressant and antianxiety medications and postoperative hospital length of stay. Anesth Analg. 2019;128:248255.