Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

The Eyes Have It: Factors that Influence Intraocular Pressure (IOP)

Nathan, Naveen MD

doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002919
Infographics: Infographic

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (

The Infographic is composed by Naveen Nathan, MD, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine ( Illustration by Naveen Nathan, MD.

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

This infographic illustrates a host of factors that influence the dramatic range of intraocular pressures that fluctuate throughout the intraoperative period. This graphic by no stretch exhausts the list of interventions that raise or lower intraocular pressure and focuses on those elements most relevant to the anesthesia care provider. This knowledge may be used to modify approaches to a patient in whom the preservation of ocular perfusion pressure is of paramount concern.

Back to Top | Article Outline


1. Kelly DJ, Farrell SM. Physiology and role of intraocular pressure in contemporary anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2018;126:1551–1562.
Copyright © 2018 International Anesthesia Research Society