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A Risky Proposition: Blood Transfusion and the Risk of Surgical Site Infections

Nathan, Naveen MD

doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002408
Infographics: Infographic

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (

The Infographic is composed by Naveen Nathan, MD, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine ( Illustration by Naveen Nathan, MD.

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

In our perpetually evolving pursuit to optimize the risk-benefit profile of perioperative interventions, the decision to administer allogeneic blood products is fraught with extraordinarily conflicting goals. This infographic summarizes the results of a retrospective analysis that examines the relationship between perioperative blood transfusion and infectious complications. Superficial and deep incisional infections appear not to be influenced whereas organ space infections and septic shock are associated with the administration of blood products.

CI indicates confidence interval; NSQIP, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program; OR, odds ratio; RBC, red blood cell.

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1. Mazzeffi M, Tanaka K, Galvagno S. Red blood cell transfusion and surgical site infection after colon resection surgery: a cohort study. Anesth Analg. 2017;125:1316–1321.
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